INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR: Designing Indonesian Election System: Lesson Learn from Germany’s MMP System

Tuesday (12/11) held the international seminar for the second time as one of the agendas in visiting the professor session. This seminar discusses the design of an election system that focused on Indonesia and Germany. The speaker of this session was Dr. Phil. Ridho Al – Hamdi, MA, and Dr. Andreas Ufen. Shortly, Ridho is the director of IGOV and one of the lecturers in DGAA, whether Dr. Ufen is one of the researchers in Germany Institute for Global Area Studies (GIGA). The seminar starts at 09.30 moderated by Adibah Dhivani Gusmi, S.IP, located at the amphitheater postgraduate building, room 4.

First, Ridho told the students on his current research that he focused on the political cleavage in the Indonesian general election 2019. He also said to the students that the methods that will be used are the mixing method. The cleavage that will be talked profoundly is on the participatory of the three governance actors in the election itself. Even, Ridho shows the participants the percentage of the dead people in the election this year. Ridho also compares the different works of the local team in Indonesia and Germany. The ballot was also different from each other.

Next, Dr. Andreas Ufen shares the Federal Constitution (Art.21, par.1): “Political parties shall participate in the formation of the political will of the people. They may be freely established. Their internal organization must conform to democratic principles. They must publicly account for their assets and the sources and use of their funds.” The multiparty system characterized by well-institutionalized parties and cleavages, but shrinking membership and dealignment of parties; rise of populism. He also shares on the phenomenon that happens from early 1875 until nowadays on SPD. The SPD was established in 1875; KPD banned in 1956. Afterward, CDU combines Protestant and Catholic parties. Instead of combining the PDS a result of the dissolution of the SED, “Die, Linke,” a merger of PDS and parts of the SPD. The Pirates were now uninfluential in the parliament or even the society. Moving to the last is AFD now right-wing extremist.

Start from the early 2000 the system was combines closed-list proportional representation system (at the state level) with single-member district system; 5 percent threshold, “best of both worlds”, but highly complex, 598 regular seats: 299 elected directly in constituencies, the other half through proportional representation system using a party-list drawn up for each of the 16 states, and also added are overhang and compensating seats. (AD)

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